Please prepare your manuscript following the instructions for authors given below before submitting it through Easychair. Please upload your paper MS word file by logging into the Easychair. You will need to click on the "Submission #your_paper_number" menu on the top left corner and then select "Add file" menu on the right.

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

    1. Written in English.
    2. The submission file is in MS Word format.
    3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
    4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 10-point font; all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
    5. The length of the submitted paper is at least 6 pages and no more than 12 pages. Editors will be evaluating if the papers need more pages than 12 pages.
    6. Use of a tool such as Zotero, Mendeley, or EndNotefor reference management and formatting, is highly recommended; choose APA 6th style. Should the authors are unable to use these systems, the responsibility of full compliance with the reference formatting will stand with the authors, and papers might be rejected due to these issues.

Click here to download the paper template.

Proposed Article structure

Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations: Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelt. Present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names.

Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions briefly. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts.

Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods: Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results: Results should be clear and concise.

Discussion: This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusions: The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section

Figures and Tables: Tables and figures should be numbered in order of their appearance with Arabic numerals, and each should have a concise descriptive title (and source, where relevant). They should be included in the main document and referred to in the text.


Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given, and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.

Reference style

Text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5, copies of which may be ordered from or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK.

List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.

  • All references should be referred inside the main text.
  • If a reference has more than two authors, the citation inside the text should be as (Author1, et al. Year)

Reference management software

These tools include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley ( and Zotero (, as well as EndNote ( Using the word processor plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select APA style when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal's style.


Reference to a journal publication:

Rahimian, F. P., & Ibrahim, R. (2011). Impacts of VR 3D sketching on novice designers’ spatial cognition in collaborative conceptual architectural design. Design Studies, 32(3), 255-291.

Reference to a conference proceeding publication

Kumar, B., Cheng, J. C., & McGibbney, L. (2010, June). Cloud computing and its implications for construction IT. In Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, Proceedings of the International Conference (Vol. 30, p. 315).

Reference to a book:

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman, (Chapter 4).

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.